"splashy-pups-hydrotherapy" and "fit four paws" physiotherapy -  Canine Hydrotherapy Association and IAAT Physiotherapy clinic
Laser Therapy
Cold level lasers can be used to treat many conditions and are safe and effective and non invasive to your pet.
The laser is a hand held machine on which the head is held gentle against the skin over muscles or joints.

The main three benefits of using laser therapy are
* reduction in pain
* reduction in inflammation
* promotion of healing

I use a combination of class 3b and class 4 lasers to provide the best possible treatment.

How does it work
Cold level laser do not create excessive thermol heat and so can be used for longer periods over damaged tissue and joints.
The primary target for the laser is the cytochrome complex found in the inner membrane of the cell mitochondrial (the main cell power producers)
Cytochrome complex is an important part of the transport chain which drives cell metabolism.
As the laser light is absorbed is creates an increase in adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
ATP is the molecule which facilitates energy transfer in the cell.
Alongside ATP, laser also caused a production of free nitrate oxide and reactive oxygen. Nitrate oxide is a strong vasodilator and outside of the cell this improves the micro circulation in the damaged tissues. this introducers more sugers, oxygen and protiens to the damaged cell and removes waste.
 Reactive oxygen has been found to affect important physiological processes, especially the pathways of inflammatory response.
Combined together, these two products can also affect growth factor production, increase cell proliferation and to promote extracellular matrix deposition.
The use of laser light can also allow the release of opioids and to slow down the neural passage of pain receptors to reduce pain.
Laser light also slows down excessive inflammatory processes and speeds up the lymphatic system to remove more waste products

What can it be used for

pain reduction
reduction of swelling
hip dysplasia
elbow dysplasia
cruciate injury
muscle strains
ligament injury
neurological disorder
laser can also be used 
following surgery or fracture repair to promote faster healing.
over wounds to assist healing
skin damage
and many more conditions

Reasons to used laser therapy

Laser therapy reduces inflammation with vasodilation, activation of the lymphatic drainage system, and reduction of pro-inflammatory mediators. As a result, inflammation, erythema, bruising, and edema are reduced.

Accelerated Tissue Repair and Cell Growth
Photons of light from lasers penetrate deeply into tissue and accelerate cellular reproduction and growth. Laser light increases the energy available to the cells so that they can take on nutrients and get rid of waste products more quickly.

Improved Vascular Activity
Laser light significantly increases the formation of new capillaries in damaged tissue. This speeds the healing process, resulting in more rapid wound closure.

Increased Metabolic Activity
Laser therapy of diseased and damaged tissue produces a suppression of hypersensitive nociceptors, normalization of the membrane firing threshold, and an increased release of tissue endorphins. The result is a decreased patient perception of pain

Trigger Points and Acupuncture Points
Laser therapy stimulates muscle trigger and acupuncture points without mechanical invasion to provide musculoskeletal pain relief.

Reduced Fibrous Tissue Formation
Laser therapy reduces the formation of scar tissue.

Improved Nerve Function
Slow recovery of nerve functions in damaged tissue may result in numbness and impaired limbs. Laser therapy accelerates nerve cell regeneration.

Therapy laser photons have an effect on the immune system’s status through stimulation of immunoglobins, neutrophils, and lymphocytes.
Faster Wound Healing
Laser light stimulates fibroblast development. Fibroblasts produce collagen, which is predominant in wound healing in damaged tissue. Collagen is the essential protein required to replace old tissue or to repair tissue injuries. As a result, laser therapy is effective on open wounds and burns.

class 3b laser

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